Conama Resolution 371 establishes the guidelines to guide IBAMA, state and municipal environmental agencies on the procedures required in the collection and application of resources paid by companies whose activities generate significant environmental impact.
The action was approved at the 47th extraordinary meeting of the Council, in Curitiba (PR).
The goal is to ensure clarity and objectivity in managing these resources, as well as to define ways of controlling expenses. With the Resolution, it will be possible to establish how the environmental body can assess the degree of damage caused to the environment. Environmental compensation was established by law 9.985, of 2000, which creates the Snuc - National System of Conservation Units.
It determines that in cases of environmental licensing of ventures of significant impact on the environment, the entrepreneur is required to invest in conservation Units (Ucs) to compensate for the damages caused. The law is applied for both private and public entrepreneurs. The Resolution approved by the Conama defines rules for the collection and distribution of environmental compensation resources. The measure requires that money collected from environmental compensation be applied to different conservation units, whether federal, state or municipal.
The choice of the units that will benefit from the compensation must meet specific criteria. All areas affected by the renovations will receive resources proportionately. If there is no affected UC, the resources generated will be applied to the creation or maintenance of integral protection units in the same biome of the region where the work will be constructed. Until IBAMA or state or municipal environmental agencies establish and publish a methodology to define the degree of environmental impact, the percentage will be set at 0.5% of the expected costs for the implementation of the project. Also published on Thursday was the ordinance that implements the Document of Forest Origin, which will replace the ATPF – Authorization of Forest Product Transport.
The text creates a Technical Committee to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the new system. This committee will be composed of two representatives from the Ministry of Environment, two from the Brazilian Association of State Environmental Entities, one from the Brazilian Forum of NGOs and Social Activities and one from the business sector. The group must present a report within 120 days. (Gisele Teixeira / MMA).